Queen Family Network
Many members of the Queen family petitioned for their freedom in courts in Maryland and Washington, D.C., based upon their descent from a free woman. They had varying degrees of success. For further information on the Queens and their legal battles, see The Timing of Queen v. Hepburn: An exploration of African American Networks in the Early Republic.
- Mary Poppow Queen - b. abt 1704; brought to Maryland by Thomas Larkin; enslaved by James Carroll1
- Nanny Cooper (a.k.a. Queen) - b. abt 1720 - possibly freed in 1796 by petition against John Ashton in Prince George's County, Md.2
- Thomas - b. June 2, 1735, White Marsh Plantation, Md.
- Mary Queen - b. February 28, 1737, White Marsh
- Priscilla Queen - b. abt 1762 - see Priscilla Queen below
- Nanny Queen ? - b. abt 1755, Md.
- Kate Queen - b. abt 1758, Md.
- Rachel Queen - b. 1760, Md.
- Priscilla Queen - b. June 8, 1744, White Marsh
- Ralph Queen - b. September 8, 1745, White Marsh
- Fanny Queen - b. February 7, 1751, White Marsh
- Mima Queen - b. September 7, 1755, White Marsh - see Mima Allen below
- Simon Queen - b. January 7, 1759, White Marsh - freed by 1796 petition against John Ashton in Prince George's County, Md.2
- Henny Queen - b. October 26, 1760, White Marsh
- Nanny Queen - awarded freedom in 1794 petition against Sylvester Boarman in Harford County, Md.3
- David Queen - b. abt 1764 - awarded freedom in 1794 petition against Sylvester Boarman in Harford County, Md.3
- Phillis Queen - b. abt 1721 - freed by 1796 petition against John Ashton in Prince George's County, Md.2
- Susanna 'Sukey' Queen - b. February 14, 1740, White Marsh - see Susanna Queen below
- Betty Queen - b. August 1, 1745, White Marsh
- Proteus Queen - b. abt 1750, White Marsh; twin to Gervais - freed by 1796 petition against John Ashton in Prince George's County, Md.2
- Gervais (Jarvis) Queen - b. abt 1750, White Marsh; twin to Proteus - freed by 1796 petition against John Ashton in Prince George's County, Md.2
- Edward 'Ned' Queen - b. May 3, 1754, White Marsh - freed by petition against John Ashton 1794 in Maryland's General Court of the Western Shore
- Mary Queen - b. May 17, 1757, White Marsh - freed by 1796 petition against John Ashton in Prince George's County, Md.2
- Sall Queen - b. April 6, 1758, White Marsh; died before 1763, White Marsh
- Johnny Queen - b. January 16, 1759, White Marsh; died before 1763, White Marsh
- Margaret "Peggy" Queen - b. January 7, 1761, White Marsh
- Winifred Queen - b. 1763, White Marsh - petitioned for freedom in Anne Arundel County, Md.
- Ralph Queen(?) - b. abt 1724
+ Nell ?
- Nell - b. 1750, Bohemia Manor, Md.
- Ralph Queen - b. 1752, Bohemia Manor, Md.
Mina Queen was the great-granddaughter of Mary Queen, although through which line is uncertain. She is most likely one of the granddaughters of Nanny Cooper (or Phyllis). Her daughter Louisa is named in Queen v. Hepburn.
- Mina (Mima) Queen - did not win 1810 freedom petition against John Hepburn
- Louisa Queen - b. after 1782, most likely in Md.
Priscilla Queen was a descendant of Mary Queen, through which line is uncertain. It is most likely through one of the daughters of Nanny Cooper or Phyllis.
Hester Queen was a descendant of Mary Queen, through which line is uncertain. It is most likely through one of the daughters of Nanny Cooper or Phyllis.
Alexis Queen is a descendent of Mary Queen, through which line is uncertain. It is most likely through one of the daughters of Nanny Cooper or Phyllis.
In his will dated February 12, 1810, Rev. John Ashton, a Jesuit priest at White Marsh, left a tract of land in Charles County, Maryland to the children of Susanna Queen: "I bequeath to a youth called Charles Queen and to his sister Elizabeth Queen the children of Susanna Queen the unalienated part of a tract of land called Litchfield Englarged lying in Charles County whereon they now live with all the stock of Horses, Hogs, Cattle, and utensils of every kind found thereon at my death together with the Tobacco Grain and property of every description." The Queen siblings were also to receive a number of enslaved persons.4 It is possible that the siblings are the children of the Susanna Queen born in 1740 at White Marsh.
- Susanna Queen
- Charles Queen - b. abt. 1785; d. 1849
- Elizabeth Queen
Mima Allen née Queen(?)
It is possible that Mima Queen—born 1755, the daughter of Nanny Cooper—was transferred to the neighboring plantation of Daniel Clarke, where she had four children with a man enslaved by the Clarke family.
- Mima Allen - a free woman of color5
- Henrietta "Henny" Allen - b. abt. 1774; raised in Daniel Clarke family; named in freedom petition in Prince George's County, Md.
- Mimy Allen - b. 1789; raised in Daniel Clarke family
- Sarah Allen - b. 1790; raised in Christopher Hyatt family
- Charles Allen
Monica was enslaved by a John Hepburn, who sold her and her family to Samuel Hamilton. She may be a possibility for the mother of the Mina Queen that filed against John Hepburn. It is possible that Mina was born after the date of the 1796 deed where this information is found. Both Monica's name and the names of her children reflect a possible Queen heritage.
- Monica - b. abt. 17616
- Polly (a.k.a. Mary)
- Sukey - b. abt. 1795
Michael Queen was likely a descendant of Mary Queen. He lived near White Marsh plantation, and his children's names correspond to other members of the Queen family.
- Michael Queen - b. abt. 1807, Md.; died August 18, 1887, Baltimore, Md.; worked for the Philadelphia, Baltimore, & Wilmington Railroad7
+ Mary (a.k.a. Maria)
- Sidonia (a.k.a. Dona) Queen - b. abt. 1839
- Joshua Queen - b. abt. 1841
- John Queen - b. abt. 1839; died December 15, 1865, Baltimore County, Md.8
- Amelia Victoria Queen - b. abt. 1847
- Gould Queen - b. abt. 1848
- Michael Queen - b. abt. 1849
- Caroline E. Queen - b. abt. 1854
- Simon Queen - b. abt. 1856
- Isak (Isaac) Queen - b. abt. 1857; died May 14, 1860, Baltimore County, Md.8
- Matilda Queen - b. abt. 1861
- Lousia Lucretia Queen - b. abt. 1861
- Katharine Queen - b. abt. 1864
- Mima (Jemima) Minie Queen - b. abt. 1864
- Mary Queen - b. abt. 1868
There is a Priscilla Queen listed among the 77 enslaved persons captured aboard The Pearl. In 1848, a large group of men, women, and children attempted to flee Washington, D.C., for the free state of New Jersey, but the ship was eventually captured in the Chesapeake Bay. It is possible that this Priscilla is the daughter of Priscilla Queen or one of the other 1810 petitioners.
- Priscilla Queen9
1. Unless otherwise specified, all information for the descendants of Mary Queen in this particular tree originates from the John Lewis Small Book, Box 29, Folder 2, Maryland Province Archives, Society of Jesus, Georgetown University Manuscripts. [back]
2. This group of Queens successfully petitioned for their freedom from Jesuit priest John Ashton in Prince George's County Court (Docket), 1722-1851, April 1796, MSA C1203-43, MdHR 5848-1, Maryland State Archives. [back]
3. David petitioned for freedom in Harford County, Md. as the son of Nanny Cooper. Nanny identified herself as the "daughter of Henny, who was the daughter of Nanny who was the Daughter of Mary Queen." Nanny Queen and David Queen v. Sylvester Boarman, Harford County Court, 1794, Historical Society of Harford County. [back]
4. Revd. John Ashton's Will, April Term 1816, p460, Charles County Register of Wills (Wills), 1808-1871, HBBH 13, MdHR 7294, Maryland State Archives. [back]
5. The details of Mima Allen and her children comes from the certificates in Prince George's County Court (Certificates of Freedom), 1806-1829, Volume 762, MSA CM 1182-1, Maryland State Archives. [back]
6. Information on Monica and her family can be found in John Hepburn to Samuel Hamilton, June 28, 1796, Prince George's County Maryland, Land Records, JRM No. 4 p. 461, Maryland State Archives. Also in a suit against John Hepburn in Prince George's County Docket Books, MSA, C1203-45 (April 1797), January 9, 1797, and C1203-46 (September 1797). [back]
7. Michael Queen's Obituary, Baltimore Sun, 22 August 1887, p4; Library of Congress Geography & Maps Division, Microfilm Roll 23, Anne Arundel County, City of Baltimore, Year 1878. The names and dates for Michael Queen and his family are pulled from the United States Federal Censuses for Baltimore, Md. in the years 1850, 1870, and 1880 unless otherwise indicated. [back]
8. Records for St. Joseph's Catholic Church in Baltimore County, Md. [back]
9. Hillary Russell. "The Operation of the Underground Railroad in Washington, D.C., c. 1800-1860." The Historical Society of Washington, D.C. and the National Park Service, July 2001. [back]